You’re in your mid to late 50s, and are longing for the day when you can make some permanent life changes. You’re in the peak of your career and earnings potential but you can’t seem to save. You are hoping ‘retirement’ is around the corner but you know deep down inside that you have not been preparing as seriously as you should. Procrastination seems to have gotten in the way of any type of retirement planning.
It is time to get serious about ensuring you have some type of income stream coming in should you decided to slow down or stop working all together- whether by choice or by circumstance. Boomers may be working into their late 60s and early 70s, but only if health permits. It’s important to start planning for changes in your health that may prevent you from earning an income. If you have not done any real planning up until now, it’s time to stop procrastinating and start facing the reality of the situation.
To begin, gather all of your financial papers. This includes insurance policies, company pension statements and group life and disability insurance information, bank and investment statements, Will and Powers of Attorneys and finally, your government pension statements (CPP and OAS). The first step in taking hold of your financial house is to ensure you actually have taken care of all of the above and that know where such important papers are kept.
Next, get a realistic picture of what your expenses are today and how these will change in the coming years? I would first look at costs that you must pay such as your mortgage, utilities, taxes, insurance, medical/dental and food. All the basics that you would have to remain in some type of employment to cover if you have insufficient pension or investment income coming in when you ideally would like to stop working. Now what is your net or after-tax income today? Ideally at this stage in life there should be a good spread between what’s coming in and what must go out. Making savings not overly challenging, and a priority. If not, you will need to find a way to either be bringing in more income today to go towards savings or you might have to take a hard look at your life and see where you can start cutting back or scaling down. However, if you do have excess money after paying the monthly bills ensure that you’re challenging yourself to save the absolute maximum you’re capable of. Especially, if your behind with your retirement planning and savings.
Basically, just write down all your ‘must pay’ or fixed expenses. Cross off all the costs that should be gone by retirement. Add on any new expenses you might have such as medical and dental costs that may no longer be covered by your company. Now take that amount and add approximately 3% to account for the cost of living. Continue to add 3% to the figure for every year that is in between now and your ideal retirement date. The end figure is the amount you will need to be coming in in your first year of retirement. Keep in mind that this will continue to increase to keep with inflation.
Now, look at what income you know will be coming in. If you don’t have your Canadian Pension statement, you can go on-line to see what amounts will be paid to you at 65 – http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/eng/isp/common/proceed/socinfo.shtml
Do you have a company pension? If so, do you know when you can start taking it and how much you will receive? All this information can be obtained through your pension department. Also double check if it has a cost of living increase tied to it. This is common for Government pension, but isn’t always a given with company pensions.
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